In the crankcase
In the crankcase of a vehicle engine, motor oil lubricates rotating or sliding surfaces between the crankshaft journal bearings (main bearings and big-end bearings), and rods connecting the pistons to the crankshaft. The oil collects in an oil pan, or sump, at the bottom of the crankcase. In some small engines such as lawn mower engines, dippers on the bottoms of connecting rods dip into the oil at the bottom and splash it around the crankcase as needed to lubricate parts inside. In modern vehicle engines, the oil pump takes oil from the oil pan and sends it through the oil filter into oil galleries, from which the oil lubricates the main bearings holding the crankshaft up at the main journals and camshaft bearings operating the valves. In typical modern vehicles, oil pressure-fed from the oil galleries to the main bearings enters holes in the main journals of the crankshaft. From these holes in the main journals, the oil moves through passageways inside the crankshaft to exit holes in the rod journals to lubricate the rod bearings and connecting rods. Some simpler designs relied on these rapidly moving parts to splash and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. However, in modern designs, there are also passageways through the rods which carry oil from the rod bearings to the rod-piston connections and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. This oil film also serves as a seal between the piston rings and cylinder walls to separate the combustion chamber in the cylinder head from the crankcase. The oil then drips back down into the oil pan.45
Motor oil may also serve as a cooling agent. In some constructions oil is sprayed through a nozzle inside the crankcase onto the piston to provide cooling of specific parts that undergo high temperature strain. On the other hand, the thermal capacity of the oil pool has to be filled, i.e. the oil has to reach its designed temperature range before it can protect the engine under high load. This typically takes longer than heating the main cooling agent ? water or mixtures thereof ? up to its operating temperature. In order to inform the driver about the oil temperature, some older and most high performance or racing engines feature an oil thermometer.
Due to its high viscosity, motor oil is not always the preferred oil for certain applications. Some applications make use of lighter products such as WD-40, when a lighter oil is desired, or honing oil if the desired viscosity needs to be mid-range.6
What to do if your car breaks down?
A fault in the car? Many of us certainly can independently deal with such problems. But there will always be a good solution? When to take a self-repair, and that time should be avoided? In this way we can handle ourselves only when we are fully confident of our ability. In another case, often we will cause yourself more damage than good, and yet each of us to save time and money. So when we break down the car much better and safer to have it repaired at a certified workshop, which will provide us with the highest quality of service and efficient repair. Thanks to often avoid a lot of trouble, and in addition we will soon be able to enjoy our car, which allows us to increase flexibility.
Car Parts - buy online
For several years, we can see that the number of websites through which you can arrange the purchase of selected parts of our car is still increasing. It is associated not only with the fact that Moto is a very popular interest and a way to spend free time, especially among men, but also because thanks to this kind of news services can be carried out replacement of the parts in our car much cheaper way than using service cars by a specialist. Hence the popularity of this solution is still gaining strength and it can be expected that in the coming years is still the number of customers opting for online purchase of auto parts will increase.